2005 Antartica: “Villa Las Estrellas” – Isla Rey Jorge
The Chilean Antarctic Territory, or Antartica Chilena, corresponds to all lands, islands, islets, reefs and glaciers, along respective territorial sea, located between longitudes 53 ° W and 90 ° W and between latitudes 61 ° S and 90 ° S (South Pole), reaching an approximate area of 1,250,000 km2.
Here are some facts about life in Antarctica:
It is the only basis of all Antarctic featuring family groups throughout the year. They live between 75-80 people in winter. In summer this figure doubles. 13 families live. Until 1985 were born two children. It has several services such as runway, post office, bank office, a base hospital (with flags of surgery), registry office and a school of basic education.
Antarctic Present and Future:
The most significant act Chile, however, perhaps corresponding to the opening of the “Villa Las Estrellas” on April 9, 1984, on King George Island in the South Shetland. It is located next to the Presidente Frei Meteorological Center and three miles from the Base Teniente Marsh. Initially only six families, in a few months it had doubled to 12 families and was from and the first and only civilian population of settlers in Antarctica, not recorded in history a similar experience.
The success of this project allowed their first births were registered:
Juan Pablo Camacho Martinez (21 November 1984)
Gisella Esther Rojas Cortés (December 2, 1984)
In practice, this means that Chile has allowed the birth of the first men to gentilicio of Antarctica, the first “Antarctic” world.
Today, “Villa Las Estrellas” has a whole wide and own population, even with an inn, daycare, school, mini hospital, a small supermarket, a post office and a bank, which makes it a real human colony, and not an imitation or an assembly of such, to the point that it has become an important enclave of logistical support for the other eight nations have facilities in and around King George Island.
Provisions are regularly carried by air, work by the Chilean Air Force. The houses of the colony are made with great amenities, in one hundred meters and lenga wood on a solid steel chassis with special adaptations roofs and windows to isolate the environmental cold.
The success of “Villa Las Estrellas” has not been unique to Chile. In July 2000, another good scientific story took place, after a Chilean research group discovered a natural sanctuary of Antarctic Minke whales, they developed their own habitat on the continent, adapting to their extreme climatic conditions.
The refuge of whales was defined by scientists as “… a new population and species of minke whales in the southern hemisphere”.
Apparently, cetaceans developed a special adaptation that allowed them permanently inhabit the Antarctic waters without having to migrate in austral winter.
Project: Antarctica 2005